Virtually all of the growth of single-parent families in recent decades has been driven by an increase in births outside marriage. Divorce rates have leveled off or declined modestly since the early s and thus have not contributed to the rising proportion of children being raised by only one parent nor to the increase in child poverty and welfare dependence associated with the rise in single-parent families. Not all non-marital births are to teen-agers.
SeptemberCite as. Study results indicated that most abstinence programs did not delay initiation of sex and only 3 of 9 had any significant positive effects on any sexual behavior. Based on this review, abstinence programs have little evidence to warrant their widespread replication; conversely, strong evidence suggests that some comprehensive programs should be disseminated widely.
Experts caution that although they had found a possible association, more research is needed. Subscribe Now Subscribe Now. Final Say.
A cohort of ninth-grade students was tracked for 31 months from fall semester baseline to spring semester month follow-up. Data were collected using self-report surveys administered by trained data collectors. The program reduced the frequency of intercourse without a condom during the three months prior to the survey, reduced the number of sexual partners with whom students had intercourse without a condom, and increased use of condoms and other protection against pregnancy at last intercourse.
Programs can be provided in schools, clinics, or community settings and can be targeted to pre-adolescents, adolescents, teens who are abstinent or teens who are sexually active. Programs also often cover a range of behaviors and attitudes; program components vary by implementer and specific model. Programs to reduce teen pregnancy, sexually transmitted infections, and associated sexual risk behaviors: A systematic review.
During the past 20 years, both researchers and program developers made great progress in their efforts to reduce adolescent unprotected sex and prevent teen pregnancy. Research studies are now more likely to employ experimental designs with random assignments, to have large sample sizes with adequate statistical power, to measure actual sexual and contraceptive behaviors, to measure longer term effects, to employ proper statistical methods, and to report results in an unbiased manner. The on-going evaluation of sex and HIV education programs coupled with creativity and perseverance on the part of program developers led to two groups of effective programs--sex and HIV education programs that reduce sexual risk-taking behavior, and youth development programs that reduce teen-age pregnancy and childbearing.
Purpose: This paper presents findings from an ongoing systematic review of research on teen pregnancy and STI prevention programs, sponsored by the U. Department of Health and Human Services to help support evidence-based approaches to teen pregnancy prevention. Methods: The review was conducted in four steps.
By Jill Kirby for the Daily Mail. The more you tell teenagers about sex, the more sex they will have. And the more unwanted pregnancies will result.
Considered a best practice in positive youth development, service-learning has also been linked to prevention of pregnancy and sexually transmitted disease STD . While there are specific service-learning programs that have been shown to reduce risky sexual behavior, any well-designed service-learning project that builds assets and protective factors will be a positive addition to a community's pregnancy and STD prevention plan. What is Service-Learning?